Chapter 2: MARY, THE FIRST SURROGATE MOTHER
St. Joaquim and St. Anne, as being said by priests and nuns, are the parents of Mary the mother of Jesus is biblically wrong. The Bible reveals, otherwise. (Their story is mere hearsay and does not prove the Davidic descendancy of Mary).
Mary’s father is Heli (Eli), as per the Physician Apostle Luke’s genealogy of Mary, that proves, she is a descendant from the House of David, in accordance to the Old Testament prophesy.
The famous female character in the Bible is under probe.
The Four Gospel writers; Matthew, Mark, Luke and John wrote about her. And, yes, she too is read at the book of Acts, which, is often called, the Gospel of the Holy Spirit, as we too should take note, that the book of Acts was written before the gospels were written.
She defied the logic of science, for as a virgin who knows no man, has given birth to a baby, who grew up in wisdom, and stature and in favor with God and man.
Jewish prophets have prophesied five specific occurrences that will take place to confirm that the baby she will deliver is the Messiah.
FIRST Prophesy: A great star will rise.
The SECOND is that the baby will be born in Bethlehem, a small town where the great king David was born a thousand years ago before the Messiah’s birth.
The child must be a DIRECT DESCENDANT of DAVID is the THIRD prophesy.
FOURTH prophesy is that powerful men will travel from afar to worship him.
Finally (FIFTH), the child’s mother must be a virgin.
Her name was Mary. A young Jewish peasant girl, with the Scripture in her heart, a direct descendant of King David through David’s third son by Bathsheba, Nathan.
Mary’s lineage is biblically revealed by the physician apostle Luke, “Now Jesus Himself was about thirty years old when He began His ministry. He was the son, so it was supposed (thought of) the son of Eli, the son of Matthat…” (Luke 3:23-24)
There may be inconsistencies between the genealogies in Matthew 1 and Luke 3 but to say that Luke is giving Mary’s family tree when her name is conspicuously absent from the text and Joseph’s name is explicitly mentioned, is presumed to be poor exegesis.
This book, Mary, The First Surrogate Mother embraced the fact that the Davidic lineage of the mother of Jesus is of Nathan, who is of the tribe of Levites. Remember, Elizabeth, the mother of John the Baptist, of the Levite tribe is a cousin of Mary.
It could not be that the father of Joseph, husband of Mary is Eli because Joseph’s father is already clearly stated in the book of Mathew as Jacob. “And Jacob begat Joseph the husband of Mary, of whom was born Jesus who is called the Christ.” Matthew 1:16
This book supports widely held view among conservative theologians that Luke’s record is in the trace of Mary’s genealogy and not Joseph’s. Proof is that Luke seems to stress elsewhere in his gospel that Joseph is the one who is descended from David.
As a physician, does Luke has something that he spiritually discerned about the now revelation that Mary, is the first surrogate mother?
… a virgin engaged to a man whose name was Joseph, of the descendants of David; and the virgin’s name was Mary. – Luke 1:27
Luke mentions Mary but (unlike with Joseph) he does not include her as a descendant of David.
Joseph also went up from Galilee, from the city of Nazareth, to Judea, to the city of David which is called Bethlehem, because he was of the house and family of David, in order, to register along with Mary, who was engaged to him, and was with child. – Luke 2:4,5
THIS IS THE REASON WHY? Hebrews, Jews or the Israelites never permitted women to enter into their genealogical tables whenever a family happened to end with a daughter, instead, of naming her in the genealogy, they inserted her husband as the son of him who was in reality, but his father-in-law to a son-in-law.
Luke 3:23-38, gives the answer. It explains that the son of Eli, refers to Joseph as the son-in-law of Eli. This is if we go from the standpoint of information specifically found in the Bible.
Meanwhile, the theory of the Roman Catholics that Joachim and Anne were the parents of Mary as per legend and tradition and the apocryphal book “Protevangelium,” though in no way, should this document be trusted to be factual, historical, or the Word of God. It is a simple imitation of the story of Hannah, the mother of the prophet Samuel in 1 Kings. It is in contradiction to the obvious biblical revelation that the father of Mary is Eli, hence, not Joaquim.
LIKEWISE, Joachim, ALTHOUGH, IS A MALE, IS NOT MENTIONed IN THE GENEALOGY OF JESUS THROUGH MARY with Heli as her father. Joachim, is also, not in the genealogy of the Lord through Joseph, whose father is Jacob.
So, how did Joachim came into the picture? Please read their source how Joachim and Anne(a) came into the picture! Which would you believe, God’s word or their tradition?
Therefore, Mary and Joseph, biblically, both descended from king David, according to the promises God has made about the Messiah coming from David’s line (Isaiah 9:7, Jeremiah 33:14-15). Mary through Nathan, third son of David by the wife of Uriah and Joseph through Solomon, who too like David was a king, youngest son of David by Bathsheba.
However, neither the genealogy in Luke, nor any other reference in the Bible, gives any indication of the name of Mary’s mother.
A Virgin Who Needs A Savior
First and foremost, even before the pronouncement of her virgin birth, Mary, already knew that she was a part of those who, Jesus came “to seek and save” Luke 19:10. Mary herself recognized that in Luke 1:46-47, “My soul magnifies the Lord, my spirit rejoices in God my Savior.”
Mary’s famous Song of Praise (V 48-55) giving evidence that Mary knew the Old Testament teachings including biblical prophecy. This has revealed, why as a young girl, she displayed unequalled bravery when she accepted angel Gabriel’s message by saying, “be it unto me, according to thy word” Luke 1:38. Mary’s knowledge of God’s promise to send a Savior for His people manifested further through her praise and worship.
Mary was formally introduced in the Bible, six months after Elizabeth (her cousin) had conceived of John the Baptist.
If God can allow the birth of John the Baptist from the womb of Elizabeth who was in her well advanced in years (old and no longer in giving birth age) without any requirement but faith in God’s Word through the angel of the Lord Gabriel (Luke 1:13-18), then the miracle, therefore, in Mary, as a virgin, to give birth of Christ Jesus is not a Mary mystery as recited in the Roman Catholics’ rosary prayer.
“For with God nothing shall be impossible” Luke 1:37.
It was a simple God’s miracle of “let there be life” when the same angel of the Lord Gabriel announced to Mary “Do not be afraid, Mary, for you have found favor with God.
Luke 1:26-27, “And in the sixth month, the Angel Gabriel was sent from God unto a city of Galilee, named Nazareth to a virgin espoused to a man whose name was Joseph of the house of David (he was in the direct lineage of David through Solomon); and the virgin’s name was Mary (also a direct lineage of David through another of David’s son, Nathan).” The lineage of Mary and Joseph to David were perfect as it regards the prophecies, narrowed down, that the Messiah would come from the House of David.
The book of Luke presents the greatest moment in human history, the announcement of the coming birth of the Lord of Glory in incarnation, that is, God becoming man. V.28 “And the Angel came in unto her (Mary) and said, Hail, you that are highly favored, the Lord is with you, blessed are you among women.”
Mary as said, was given salutation by the angel as “blessed among women” not above all women, was much blessed, however. Indeed, she is, for she had found favor with God as the chosen to give birth to Christ Jesus, God manifest in the flesh, God with us, Immanuel.
V.29-31 “And when she (Mary) saw him (the Angel), she was troubled at his saying and cast in her mind what manner of salutation this should be.” Mary, in no way understood the reason that he addressed her as he did. “And the Angel of the Lord said unto her, Fear not Mary, for you have found favor with God. And you shall conceive (meaning, immediately) in your womb and bring forth a Son (proclaims the Incarnation, God manifest in the flesh, God with us, Immanuel.” (Isaiah 7:14, 9:6) and shall call His name Jesus (the Greek version of the Hebrew “Joshua” which means “Savior” or the Salvation of Jehovah.”)
As an object of lesson, God, as we know has given Christians the free will, therefore, there exist the presumption that the Angel Gabriel asked Mary if she will bear God’s child.
Going back, however, to Luke 1:30-32, it was very clear that the Angel Gabriel did not ask a question neither a command. “Fear not, Mary for you have found favor with God. You shall conceive in your womb and bring forth a Son and shall call His name Jesus. He shall be great and shall be called the Son of the Highest…” (A declaration of God’s plan)
The ANGEL PRESENTED GOD’S PLAN TO MARY
And Mary beautifully portrays the humility of a young lady when she said to the angel, “Behold the handmaid of the Lord be it unto me according to your word” (v.38). (Mary is in)
Why Mary, the virgin? Mary needs to be a virgin, to fulfill a prophesy that was given hundreds of years before: Isaiah 7:14. Jesus’ virgin birth confirms that He was that promised Savior. The virgin birth came from God.
By the way, nothing was particularly unusual about Mary nor worthy to be the mother of the Savior. Let us start with Luke 1:47, when Mary said, “And my spirit rejoices in God my Savior.” Clearly, Mary knows that she herself like everybody else is a sinner and needs a Savior.
Again, Savior from what? Matthew 1:21 answers this: “She will give birth to a Son and you will name Him Jesus for He will save His people from their sins.”
MOTHER OF JESUS
“And Jacob begat Joseph “the husband of Mary”, of whom was born Jesus, who is called Christ” (Matthew 1:16). Clearly, the verse, which is the genealogy of Joseph according to Matthew says that the father of Joseph is Jacob and Joseph, the foster father of Jesus, is from the tribe of Judah through Solomon to David.
In Islamic and Christian Scriptures, Mary is the mother of the Jesus of Nazareth. Koran, the Islam’s holy book chapters 3 and 19, as per who2 biographies, Allah declares Mary (Maryam) as “pure and exalted above all women” chosen to bear the ‘prophet’ Jesus.
In the Holy Bible of the Christians, specifically in the book of Luke, Mary is called “blessed among women,” NOT as, above all women as allegedly, in the Koran is.
Point of Clarification: Elizabeth, who was to give birth, to John the Baptist, was in her sixth month of pregnancy, when the Angel Gabriel was sent by God to Mary.
In every Nativity Story performed by the faithful in the celebration of Christmas, more than many times that Luke 2:5 is read, “He (Joseph) went there to register with Mary who was pledged to be married to him and was expecting a child.”
Looking at the order of time, the sequence had some eight months or more from Luke 1:26-27, which says, “In the sixth month, God sent the angel Gabriel to a virgin named Mary in Galilee, pledged to be married to a man named Joseph, a descendant of David.”
Are you thinking that an ‘unmarried Jewish couple’, Joseph and Mary, unaccompanied by any family member was travelling from the town of Nazareth in Galilee to Judea to Bethlehem with both ‘only’ “pledged to marriage” and the woman was in advanced state of pregnancy at that time in first-century Judea?
If that could be a big scandal to middle-easterners today, what more could it have been at the time of either 6 or 5BC? Is my memory serving me right to say that the law speaks of “stoning to death”?
Before we make any wrong conclusion, however, let us bring our eyes again to Matthew 1:16, in the record of genealogy, “And Jacob the father of Joseph, ‘the husband of Mary’, of whom was born Jesus, who is called Christ.” Matthew 1:20, “…an angel of the Lord appeared to him in a dream and said, Joseph, son of David, do not be afraid to take Mary home as your wife because what is conceived in her is from the Holy Spirit.” When Joseph woke up, he did what the angel of the Lord had told him and took Mary home as his wife” (Matthew 1:24).
Therefore, Joseph and Mary were married even before the long travel to Bethlehem. The long travel started from the couple’s home.
We look at Mary as the most privilege woman who ever lived, in a sense, she was. However, as a woman about to become the mother of Jesus, and by that time Joseph would like to go away, silently, many neighbors and acquaintances undoubtedly spread deadly gossip that she had fallen into sin with her fiancé or someone else.
When Jesus began His ministry, Mary must have cringed and feared for Jesus when she heard people call Him a bastard, and even Beelzebub. This may even be the reason why many people of Israel today continue not to believe on the Christ Jesus as already the Messiah and they keep waiting.
Prior to the famous “Nativity,” we can imagine Mary, mother of Jesus, travelled four or five days as a pregnant virgin woman, about to give birth, exposed to danger not only from possible wild men but also to animals, alone with Joseph along the long cold, bumpy and winding road to Bethlehem. A life-changing travel.
As Jesus’ mother, Remember Simeon (?), (Luke 2:21-35) who had been waiting for the appearance of the Messiah? In v. 35, he said to Mary, “A sword will pierce your own soul too.” Of course, who is a mother whose soul will not be pierced as you watched the sufferings of thy Son and His slow death?
Nancy Leigh DeMoss, author of Portrait of a Woman Used by God writes her belief that there at the Calvary, “that sword pierced Mary’s soul in more than one sense.” First, as a mother she was losing her Son who was giving up His life. Even as He laid down His life, she gave up her Son for the salvation and the redemption of the world. And what a joy to see parents who gladly release their children to the will of God!”
“Another wound pierced Mary’s heart—this one even more deeply than the first. You see, she understood that her Son was dying not only for the sins of the world, but for her sins, as well. Even before Jesus was born, she had recognized Him as “God my Savior” Luke1:47. As good as she was, Mary was not good enough to get to heaven on her own. As is true with each of us, she had to place her faith in the crucified Son of God, who died in her place. As she stood beneath that cross, perhaps she recalled the words of the prophet Isaiah: “He was pierced for [my] transgressions, he was crushed for [my] iniquities… and by his wounds [I am] healed. We all, like sheep, have gone astray, each of us has turned to his own way; and the Lord has laid on him the iniquity of us all) Isaiah 53:5-6.”
If Mary lives today, she would have been chosen as Mother of the Year by any organization including the Filipino-American Society, Inc. Aside from her virgin birth of Jesus, comforting the baby born Messiah, as He entered this world, she too was also present down at the feet of the cross, as Christ Jesus, took His last breath. “Now there stood by the cross of Jesus His mother, and His mother’s sister, Mary the wife of Cleopas, and Mary Magdalene” John 19:25.
MARRIED TO JOSEPH
Remember the words of Mary in Luke 1:34? “Then said Mary unto the Angel, how shall this be, seeing I know not a man? She said this as a question answer, when she was told by the Angel, V.31, “And you shall conceive in your womb.” How shall this be, seeing I know not a man?
Of course, we already know that there was overshadowing of the Holy Spirit to Mary. The same connotation as “The Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters” (Genesis 1:2), has the same reference as, “And God said, let there be light; and there was light” (Gen. 1:3). This constitutes the Incarnation, God becoming Man.
Going back to Mary as human, a woman married to Joseph, they came to know each other after the proclaimed time.
Genesis 4:1 says, “And Adam knew Eve his wife; and she conceived, and bare Cain.” On Mary’s case, by that time, she came to know a man and his name was Joseph.
Obviously, Joseph came to know Mary after Jesus was born, not necessarily, immediately after she brought forth her First born Son. And knowing Mary means they went to what a husband and wife are expected to be doing just like when Adam knew Eve his wife.
What does the Bible further say? Let me give you the different versions of Matthew 1:25:
“But he did not consummate their marriage until she gave birth to a Son.” And he gave him the name Jesus” (NIV).
“And knew her not till she had brought forth her firstborn son: and he called his name Jesus” (KJV).
“But Joseph did not have sexual relations with her until her son was born.” And he named him Jesus” (ERV)
The word “until” clearly indicates that Joseph and Mary did have a sexual union after Jesus was born. Joseph and Mary had several children together after Jesus was born. Jesus had four brothers: James, Joseph, Simon, and Judas (Matthew 13:55). Jesus also had sisters, although, they are not named or numbered (Matthew 13:55-56). God blessed and graced Mary by giving her several children, which in that culture was the greatest indication of God’s blessing on a woman.